Synthetic lubricants have proven to be a high-quality investment for many manufacturing companies in the industry because of their high-performance properties. Requirements for greener work environments and strict safety regulations have raised the demand for synthetics up to $2.2 billion annually in the United States.
Despite this rise in demand, there's still a debate over whether mineral oils or synthetic lubricants are best to use on a regular basis in the industry. Both mineral oils and synthetic lubricants get the job done. However, each has its own performance properties that should be taken into consideration.
Mineral oils have long been used to lubricate the internal combustion engines of vehicles and other machines. When these oils are taken in a raw state, they're often composed of thousands of compound hydrocarbons. These hydrocarbons often remain in the oil even after solvent-based refining.
In addition to hydrocarbons, mineral oils are also composed of nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen compounds, which can cause the development of dirty oil, acid development, and oxidation. This is especially true in high-temperature applications, which can be problematic due to these oils being used in engines which give off heat as a by-product.
The molecules involved in mineral oils can create irregular lubrication in the engine. As a result, greater friction is generated in the machine. The more friction in the machine, the more power is wasted on heat.
Pure synthetics are made up of no oil at all, whereas a semi synthetic lubricant contains up to 30% oil at the most. Unlike mineral oils, these lubricants are made up of strong molecular bonds from pure chemical compounds.
Generated by chemical reactions utilizing temperature and pressure, synthetics are specifically designed to produce a higher quality lubricant for an internal combustion engine. Synthetics are less likely to oxidate, are more tolerant of high temperatures, and they don't thicken in colder temperatures.
While mineral oils can lubricate an internal combustion engine well, synthetic lubricants are ultimately one of the better oil solutions. Synthetics sold through a lubricant oil distributor won't produce any undesirable by-products as mineral oils are wont to do, nor do they require more horsepower from the engine because of its traction coefficient. Therefore, if your business is between choosing mineral oils or synthetics, consider talking to your oil wholesale distributor about synthetics today.