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What Are The Different Types of Oils and Synthetic Lubricants?

What Are The Different Types of Oils and Synthetic Lubricants?

Posted by SOC on Apr 12th 2019

You've heard the great debate over using synthetic lubricants versus mineral oils, but you may not be as familiar with the hundreds of types of synthetics. Synthetic oils come in a wide variety and can be customized for industrial, aviation, and automotive uses.

We can't cover all the oils and synthetics out there in the world, but we can tell you about the most common synthetics used in the marketplace. Here are the different groups of oils and synthetic lubricants and the qualities they offer.

Group one and group two oils (non-synthetics)

Group one oils are the older, high-paraffin base oils. These types of oils aren't used in modern engines. But group one oils can still be found in all-purpose household products.

Group two oils are the standard petroleum base stock. They're where all modern petroleum oils are made from, although the quality of each oil can vary.

Group two oils have improved in quality and effectiveness since they were first developed, but modern engines don't run very well on them. That's why automakers have been gradually moving to synthetic lubricants.

Group three oils (semi-synthetics)

Group three oils are semi-synthetic lubricants that have been made from petroleum base stocks. They've been chemically altered and hydroisomerized to create a synthetic base.

Group three oils offer many benefits just like any other synthetic despite being made from synthesized, engineered molecules and being derived from petroleum-based oil.

Group three oils are often sold as 100% synthetic products and they perform like 100% synthetic products. They can out-perform other petroleum-based oils. However, compared to custom engineered synthetic base oils like PAO based synthetics, they can't operate very well at temperature extremes.

Group four and group five oils (synthetics)

Group four synthetics are Polyalphaolefin and related olefin oligomers and olefin polymers, also known as PAOs. PAOs are engineered base oils produced by catalytic reactions with alpha-olefin compounds.

PAOs offer outstanding benefits including high-performance, a high-viscosity index, low corrosivity, mineral oil compatibility, and a wide operational temperature range.

Group five synthetics are all synthetic oils that aren't PAOs. They include Esters such as polyesters, Diesters, Alkylated Aromatics, PAGs, and Silicones. Group five oils are used for industrial and aviation applications and they're ideal for high-temperature use.

Where can I get synthetic lubricants wholesale?

Metalworking fluids are designed specifically for cooling, lubrication, chip removal, and corrosion control. Compared to mineral oils, synthetics operate at a wider range of temperatures, which makes them valuable industrial supplies.

Santie Wholesale Oil Company offers wholesale synthetic lubricants and other industrial lubricants so you can keep your machines running smoothly and efficiently. To learn more about our wholesale synthetic oils and specialty lubricants, contact Santie Wholesale Oil Company today.